Since the Second World War, the nature of war has changed dramatically. Instead of a full blown world war, we are seeing a global war on terror and an unprecedented increase in cyberattacks which are both just as threatening to a nation's defense and security.
Homeland Security – What is it and why?
Homeland Security is a field established after the 9/11 attacks in America to secure their nation. Homeland security refers to activities that support the way the country and region are defended, providing measures to act against terror. This can be carried out through cyber security measures, new borders and intelligence gained via paramilitary activities (through police and intelligence agencies). Ultimately, the goal is to defend from the inside-out and provide strategic offence and defense measures with these insights.
How is Israel disrupting the traditional defense model?
In Israel, we have a unique value proposition in the area of Homeland Security because of our geographic location and military culture. If you turn on the news, the events of the day are always related to security, so there is a constant reminder that we are situated in an area that is always under attack. Our mandatory military service means that in every family in Israel, at least one person is part of the IDF or another security agency, which urges the nation to build a better understanding around Homeland Security solutions.
The demand for security has led to the creation of some incredible innovation within the HLSTech industry. Let me share a few examples:
One Israeli startup has just created a robot soldier using Comprehensive Situational Awareness Day and Night. The unique sensors and shooting technology basically allows the robot to go into battle which decreases the friction between the troops and the enemy and could potentially save millions of lives.
Deep learning and video analytics capabilities are also being developed and improved to raise the quality of processes, like in the case where the Tel Aviv Municipality tested a public security initiative. Here, surveillance cameras combined with a deep learning algorithm, provided insights, analysed behaviours from the video feed and, as a result, created detailed profiles of abnormal situations and behaviours occurring in the civilian space.
Another incredible development is the Smart Shooter, which applies missile capabilities to guns. Using kinetic bullets, the Smart Shooter recalculates the path and eliminates the influence of the shooter, which ensure every first round hits its target, day or night.
So where is the future heading for HLSTech?
These technologies may sound unnerving to some but this innovation is needed in order to fight terror, in a smart way. Terror is everywhere and many countries are unfortunately not equipped for defense. Israel’s deep seated geopolitical history creates the perfect ecosystem for developing HLSTech to innovate security for not just countries, cities, agencies and the public, but also for corporations – providing a high level of security to their facilities and sites.
It is important to ensure longevity with our solutions and to adjust our current fighting capabilities into military operations other than war, by focusing on defense, conflict resolution, promoting peace and supporting civil authorities in response to domestic crises.
We are already seeing an increase in unmanned solutions utilising deep learning and video analytics with hope of bringing the human analysis process to Artificial Intelligence and only leaving the final decision-making to humans. Corporations and government organizations need to adapt to the startup ecosystem and invite them into their systems to allow these new technologies to be an integral part of the way they keep ahead in security.
The understanding of how HLSTech can revolutionize the game of war, is important and should be utilised to the relative advantage of each country, agency and corporation in this field.
Duddu Rokach is the General Partner in the HLSTech innovation program at SOSA.
His background stems from his service in the IDF dealing with defense activities and border protection. Once retired, he decided to take his knowledge and experience and build a community for homeland security innovation, which has become a focal point for the relevant players in this industry.